In the winter of 1990, fearing religious persecution due to the eruption of armed insurgency, about four hundred thousand Kashmiri Pandits were forced to flee their homes in Kashmir, India. Several thousand homeless families sought shelter in puny canvas tents set up in migrant camps in the Jammu province. They lived in wretched conditions for two decades, hoping to return to their homeland someday. In exile, many perished and those who survived have now been rehabilitated. The last camp was demolished in 2011.